As a rash, scabies is one of the more irritating conditions; it manifests as small, reddish bumps and it incites a great deal of itchiness in its victims. Indeed, scabies is known for its symptom of creating itchiness in persons who contract this condition. Because of this characteristic of the condition, it causes a lot of discomfort in its recipients.
The symptoms of scabies appear when an individual has tiny mites burrow beneath the skin. The presence of these mites under the skin are responsible for the scabies rash that appears on people’s skin. The mites lay eggs and excrete feces, and it is these dimensions of their existence which irritate the skin. Scabies can be passed from one person to another through exposure or direct physical contact. In fact, scabies is actually a very contagious condition. However, it is not transmitted because of any dirt or unsanitary conditions being in place.
The actual scabies rash manifests as reddish or pinkish splotches or patches on the skin. Small blisters can also appear. If a person responds to the extreme itchiness that does occur with scabies, then this reaction can consist of scratching which can further cause infections. The usual type of infection that takes place after a person has scratched scabies rashes is a bacterial infection. One bacterial infection that can be exacerbated by scratching is called impetigo. The itchiness can be worse at night or after an infected person has taken a hot bath, as this temperature catalyzes the mites’ activity levels, as do later times of the day.
When the mites have originally burrowed beneath the skin, small pink bumps will appear. As the mites move underneath the skin, they can sometimes leave small trails or tracks behind in their wake. These trails can sometimes more easily be seen on the skin of children. These trails are especially visible often on the inner wrist or in between a person’s fingers and toes.
In addition to being transmittable through direct contact, scabies can also survive in inanimate objects like bedding or sheets for 2-3 days. The mites are most often passed in more crowded environments, or through extended physical contact with another person.
What Does Scabies Look Like
A person who is exposed to scabies for the first time may not experience any external symptoms for 4-6 weeks. However, if a person has previously had scabies, the symptoms can appear as quickly as 2-3 days after exposure. Scabies is most frequently and easily transmitted in institution-like settings, including nursing home and medical care facilities. Day care centers and sometimes even schools are also frequently prime candidates for spreading the mites from person to person.
In addition to the small red bumps and red trails that can appear, the extreme itchy factor of scabies can cause scratch marks as well to appear on a person’s skin. Small pus-filled bumps can also erupt on the skin in affected areas. The skin itself can become scaly and thickened, perhaps especially after a period of time has passed.
Scabies usually appear in certain parts of the body more frequently than others. For example, individuals often see the scabies rash on the extremities like fingers and toes. Any place on the body where there exist folds of skin can also be impacted. This includes the armpits, elbows, and regions beside the breasts and buttocks as well as the genitals and navel. If children contract scabies, they often have the rash on the soles of their feet or the palms of their hands.
One of the more extreme or intense types of scabies is characterized by a crusty or flaky quality to the rash and/or other symptoms. This type of scabies is Norwegian scabies. People who have this type sometimes need to have a treatment protocol administered more than once – up to 2 or 3 times. This condition can sometimes occur in people or patients with compromised or weaker immune systems. They also have exponentially more mites n their system than might other patients who do not have Norwegian scabies.
Despite the extreme discomfort that can be caused by scabies, as well as the negative occurrences that can develop if a person succumbs to scratching to try and alleviate the itchiness, it is treatable rather easily, especially with the assistance of a physician. Persons who have contracted scabies should always contact a physician or dermatologist to acquire an official diagnosis, and also, to secure strong and effective treatment protocol.